The 4 Stages of Gum Disease

four stages of gum disease NYC

Gum disease is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults. It’s a progressive condition, and is easily treatable in its earliest stages. From Staten Island Dental Care, here are the four main stages of gum disease.


The main symptoms of gingivitis include red or swollen gums that cause discomfort while brushing and flossing. You may notice bad breath on occasion. Gingivitis is often caused by the buildup of bacteria on teeth and the gum line.

Early Stage Periodontal Disease

This means an infection has spread beneath your gums, allowing harmful bacteria to begin harming the bone holding your teeth in place. An aggressive treatment plan can prevent it from getting worse.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

Moderate periodontal disease involves more advanced care. Surgery can reshape your gums and close pockets between the gums and teeth to reduce plaque buildup. This may sound intimidating, but the prognosis can be good.

Advanced Periodontal Disease

Flap surgery is common for this stage and involves cleaning the actual roots of your teeth by scrubbing behind your gums. Weakened bone can be smoothed or shaped to avoid bacteria from collecting.

Daily brushing and flossing, along with regular checkups at Staten Island Dental Care, can prevent gum disease. People from Brooklyn, Manhattan, and Bayonne rely on our care, and come to us for complete general dentistry. Schedule an appointment today!

Contact Staten Island Dental Care – Dr. Frederick Hecht:


Location (Tap to open in Google Maps):

1520 Richmond Ave
Staten Island, New York


ArticleID 8543